What type of milk is used to make cheese?
When it comes to the art of cheese making there are many different combinations of milk that can be used. From raw cow’s milk to pasteurized goat’s milk and everything in between you can create a cheese with only a few slight variations in technique.
Of course, when it comes to choosing which animal milk you will put into your cheese, it is often down to preference on technique, taste, and resulting shade, for example, a goat’s milk will only make a pure white cheese and blue cheese with a slightly more acidic taste compared to its cow’s milk counterpart.
Cheesemakers over the centuries have perfected their own techniques using their preferred type of milk, but what kinds of milk should cheese makers be using? Below we will explore the best types of milk for the cheese-making process.
TYPES OF MILK FOR CHEESE MAKING
Pasteurized whole milk is one of the most popular choices when it comes to producing cheese. Heated milk is milk that has been heated to destroy a large proportion of bacteria present. Heated milk is what you would purchase from any supermarket, the process of pasteurization increases the storage life of the milk. However, due to the fact that bacteria are destroyed in the process, cheesemakers must add further ingredients to boost cheese production.
Ultra-pasteurized milk has been heated to such an extent that all organisms present within the raw form of milk are destroyed, as well as the High Protein Cheese structure. Finally, this type of milk is not used for cheese making as it would fail to develop into a curd.
Raw milk is quite often used in cheese making as it has not been heated to destroy bacteria, and therefore can be easily used to produce our favorite cheeses. Due to the fact that it is not heat-treated, cheesemakers are able to add significantly fewer ingredients, as necessary with pasteurized milk. Of course, as bacteria haven’t been destroyed, it is vital that raw milk used in the cheese-making process comes from a healthy animal.
One of the most common questions we are asked is whether or not skimmed milk can be used to make cheese. The answer is yes, but skimmed milk tends to be ideal for hard cheeses such as parmesan. Other cheeses are made using a mixture of skimmed and whole milk to make it that bit harder than would be achieved by using whole milk alone.
Here at J.S. Bailey, we have perfected our cheese making process to ensure only the highest quality cheese is made and supplied to the businesses we work with. Take a look at our cheese product range and place your order with us today.